As the name suggests, a compare and contrast essay is written with the aim of finding out the similarities and differences between the two subjects. Provided that the subjects belong to the same category or group. For instance, you can write on two books of the same genre, but not on a novel and a research paper.
If you are wondering how can I write my essay effectively, then here are some tips for you. There are two different ways to structure a compare and contrast essay – the alternating method and the point method.
Before you start writing you should decide on the two subjects that you want to discuss. They can be anything from an object, event, movement, to an idea.
Once you have selected your topic research and find out their similarities and differences, an effective method is to make a Venn diagram. Draw two overlapping circles, each for the two objects under analysis. Write down the differences in separate circles and the commonalities will go in the intersection.
After you have done your research and gathered the information needed to write the essay, you must adopt the right approach to structure your essay.
The Alternating Method
The alternating method is also known as the point by point method. Here you first present an idea related to the object A and then regarding object B.
Here the focus is the point rather than the comparison.
For instance, if you are writing about high school and college, your first point can be about the admission requirements and the next about the fee structure.
The Block Method
The block method is the subject-by-subject technique where you present all the information you have on subject A, followed by the points you want to make about the second subject.
If you are writing about two fast-food chains in your town discuss everything about the first one. Write about its menu, ambiance, prices, etc. and then about the other restaurant.
Make sure that you choose the correct approach to structure your essay and provide an informative and in-depth comparison of the subject at hand.